A good introduction generally consists of three distinct parts:.
THE BODY OF A RESEARCH PAPER: SIX MAIN CHAPTERS 1. INTRODUCTION This is the first part of Chapter 1, and it consists of the. Parts of Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Study Statement of the Problem Theoretical Framework Conceptual Framework.
Ideally, you should try to give each section its own paragraph, but this will vary given the overall length of the paper. Look at the benefits to be gained by the research or why the problem has not been solved yet. Perhaps nobody has thought about it, or maybe previous research threw up some interesting leads that the previous researchers did not follow up. Another researcher may have uncovered some interesting trends, but did not manage to reach the significance level , due to experimental error or small sample sizes.
The research problem does not have to be a statement, but must at least imply what you are trying to find. Many writers prefer to place the thesis statement or hypothesis here, which is perfectly acceptable, but most include it in the last sentences of the introduction, to give the reader a fuller picture. The idea is that somebody will be able to gain an overall view of the paper without needing to read the whole thing. Literature reviews are time-consuming enough, so give the reader a concise idea of your intention before they commit to wading through pages of background.
In this section, you look to give a context to the research, including any relevant information learned during your literature review. You are also trying to explain why you chose this area of research, attempting to highlight why it is necessary. The second part should state the purpose of the experiment and should include the research problem. The third part should give the reader a quick summary of the form that the parts of the research paper is going to take and should include a condensed version of the discussion.
This should be the easiest part of the paper to write, as it is a run-down of the exact design and methodology used to perform the research. Obviously, the exact methodology varies depending upon the exact field and type of experiment.
There is a big methodological difference between the apparatus based research of the physical sciences and the methods and observation methods of social sciences. However, the key is to ensure that another researcher would be able to replicate the experiment to match yours as closely as possible, but still keeping the section concise.
You can assume that anybody reading your paper is familiar with the basic methods, so try not to explain every last detail. For example, an organic chemist or biochemist will be familiar with chromatography, so you only need to highlight the type of equipment used rather than explaining the whole process in detail.
In the case of a survey , if you have too many questions to cover in the method, you can always include a copy of the questionnaire in the appendix. In this case, make sure that you refer to it. This is probably the most variable part of any research paper, and depends on the results and aims of the experiment. For quantitative research , it is a presentation of the numerical results and data, whereas for qualitative research it should be a broader discussion of trends, without going into too much detail.
For research generating a lot of results , then it is better to include tables or graphs of the analyzed data and leave the raw data in the appendix, so that a researcher can follow up and check your calculations. A commentary is essential to linking the results together, rather than just displaying isolated and unconnected charts and figures. It can be quite difficult to find a good balance between the results and the discussion section, because some findings, especially in a quantitative or descriptive experiment , will fall into a grey area.
Try to avoid repeating yourself too often. It is best to try to find a middle path, where you give a general overview of the data and then expand on it in the discussion - you should try to keep your own opinions and interpretations out of the results section, saving that for the discussion later on. The framework may be summarized in a schematic diagram that presents the major variables and their hypothesized relationships. It must be also stated if you used your definition of terms in technically or operationally. You must label your published material with local or foreign.
Must be also organized to cover specific problems. As much as possible, get the latest published materials.
Avoid old published materials. It must be related to your topic. If not, do not get it. On the last part of this part you must have a statement how this old published material helps the researcher in their current study and relate it to your study. In some format, you must label your unpublished material with local or foreign. This should be organized to cover the specific problems.
You must take note all of the evidences that the previous researcher came up. The unpublished material should not be older than 5 years if possible.
On the last part of this part you must have a statement how this old unpublished material helps the researcher in their current study and relate it to your study. Specify the level of reliability probability. Avoid table reading. The recommended format is the paragraph form instead of the enumeration form.
These are general inferences applicable to a wider and similar population. It is not a must to state conclusions on a one-to-one correspondence with the problems and the findings as all variables can be subsume in one paragraph.
They may include suggestions for further studies. You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.
Ref: There is no one right style or manner for writing an education paper. Content aside, the writing style and presentation of papers in different educational fields vary greatly. Nevertheless, certain parts are common to most papers, for example:.
After spending a great deal of time and energy introducing and arguing the points in the main body of the paper, the conclusion brings everything together and underscores what it all means. A stimulating and informative conclusion leaves the reader informed and well-satisfied. A conclusion that makes sense, when read independently from the rest of the paper, will win praise. Appendices Education research papers often contain one or more appendices.
An appendix contains material that is appropriate for enlarging the reader's understanding, but that does not fit very well into the main body of the paper. Such material might include tables, charts, summaries, questionnaires, interview questions, lengthy statistics, maps, pictures, photographs, lists of terms, glossaries, survey instruments, letters, copies of historical documents, and many other types of supplementary material.
A paper may have several appendices. They are usually placed after the main body of the paper but before the bibliography or works cited section. They are usually designated by such headings as Appendix A, Appendix B, and so on. Chat With Us. Boston College Libraries.
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