It is important that you understand this document, so I will stop a few times to clarify what we read, and answer any questions you may have. Please follow along as I read it aloud. After I have read the document to the class and answered questions, I will have the students read the second section of the data set.
This section describes the invasion of Rome by foreigners in simpler language. Step 2: Hypothesis Development. Keep in mind the information that we just read when you write your hypothesis.
When all of the students have finished writing their hypotheses, I will have each student share his or her hypothesis with the class. If an idea is expressed more than once, I will add a 4 next to that idea to show its importance. After I read a hypothesis, raise your hand if you think it is valid.
You may vote for as many hypotheses as you wish.
I will write the number of votes next to each hypothesis on the board. When we are finished, I will determine which hypotheses have the most votes, and ask the students why they voted for them. Keep in mind what we have already discussed when you look at this new information. The first data set describes the economic conditions in the Roman Empire leading up to the fall. The economic problems of the time included unrestrained government spending, excessive taxation of the people, high unemployment, devaluation of the currency, and inflation.
I will distribute copies of this data set to the students and ask them to read it and write down the key points on the hypothesis worksheet before discussing the information with their group members. Hypothesis Revision. When the students have finished discussing the information from the first data set with their groups, I will ask them to revise their original hypotheses.
Remember to take into account all of the information you have read so far in trying to answer our inquiry question: What caused the fall of the Roman Empire? When all of the students have finished revising their hypotheses, I will have each student share his or her hypothesis with the class. The second data set describes the religious conditions in the Roman Empire in the time leading up to the fall. Religious factors that may have contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire include the establishment of Roman Christianity, conflicts with between Christians and pagan cults, power struggles between the Emperor and church leaders, and distraction from the problems of the empire.
Second Hypothesis Revision. When the students have finished discussing the information from the second data set with their groups, I will ask them to revise their hypotheses. The third data set describes the Roman military in the time leading up to the fall of the Roman Empire. Problems in the military included the decay of the army after a long period of peace, increasing inefficiency, the barbarization of the army, and the prevalence of civil war.
Third Hypothesis Revision. When the students have finished discussing the information from the third data set with their groups, I will ask them to revise their hypotheses.
The fourth data set describes the health of the Roman people in the time leading up to the fall of the Roman Empire. Health problems included an outbreak of the bubonic plague, and regular exposure to toxic levels of lead. Fourth Hypothesis Revision.
When the students have finished discussing the information from the fourth data set with their groups, I will ask them to revise their hypotheses. Step 7: Conclusion closure. After the students have had a chance to review all of the data sets and revise their hypotheses for the final time, I will engage them in a class discussion.
Did they change? What made you want to change your hypotheses? As we gather information from different perspectives, and consider additional factors, we gain a more complete understanding of the situation.
A short essay should contain a thesis statement in its first paragraph. The thesis especially if the title of the essay is "Reasons for the Fall of Rome." Make the. Free Essay: For a long period of time, Rome seemed like an unstoppable empire. It conquered the majority of the land surrounding it, including Greece.
This process is similar to what scientists do when they follow the scientific method. Scientists will form initial hypotheses based on their current understanding of a phenomenon. They conduct experiments to gather evidence, test their hypotheses, and revise these hypotheses based on the new information they gather. They then repeat their experiments, revising their hypotheses as they gather even more data. Before any claims can be made, scientists must make sure that they have evidence to support them.
We must do the same thing here. We can use the evidence we have gathered to come to a tentative conclusion about the cause of the fall of the Roman Empire. I will then ask the students a few questions, and discuss their answers. What does it mean to be closed-minded? Why is it important that we keep an open mind and consider all of the evidence before coming to a conclusion?
Think of the thesis statement as a tentative conclusion drawn from all of the evidence you have seen so far. After the students have written their thesis statements, I will give them the homework assignment. In the two supporting paragraphs, you must present the evidence that led you to your conclusion. Here are four ways to begin to develop your thesis. These will not necessarily result in a finished product, but will give you a place to start. Make a list of the ideas you want to include in the essay, and then think about how to group them under several different headings.
Often, you will see an organizational plan emerge from the sorting process. Here are a few examples:. How were changes in their work important to late medieval economic culture in Germany? With the cash women earned from the sale of butter and ale they purchased cloth imported from Flanders and Italy, which in turn, helped increase early industrial production in those areas. These strategies all should help you develop two characteristics all thesis statements should have: they state an argument and they reveal how you will make that argument.
Your thesis probably still needs revising but these strategies may provide a good start. As you work on your project, your ideas will change and so will your thesis. Here are examples of weak and strong thesis statements.
Your thesis is defenseless without you to prove that its argument holds up under scrutiny. Your reader expects you to provide all of the evidence to prove your thesis. There are two categories of evidence that you can use:. Making Arguments and Writing Theses. What is an argument? Can and should be revised as you further refine your evidence and arguments. New evidence often requires you to change your thesis. Gives your paper a unified structure and point. Keeps the reader focused on your argument.
Signals to the reader your main points.